Home >> The 6th WEC Presidium Round-Table Meeting
Analysis on the Construction and Development of Eco-Civilization

Eco-civilization construction, green and low-carbon development were proposed in the 18th National Congress of CPC. Amongst these proposals, eco-civilization was the major strategic choice of China to conform to the world trend. Since industrial revolution, developed countries achieved the hyper-modern industrial civilization by consuming fossil fuels extravagantly. This brought about mineral resources exhaustion, excessive environmental capacity, space occupation and environmental and ecological crisis. The unrestrained consumption of fossil fuel generated large amounts of  CO2 that lead to global climate changes and a continuous threat to livelihood and development of society.

 

 

Therefore, industrial civilizations can be called unsustainable eco-civilizations. Eco-civilization means ecological development of social civilization on the harmony of human, society and natural environment. Strengthening the eco-civilization construction required to fulfill the way to green and low-carbon development and to propel energy generation and consumer revolution. Thus Congress has regarded driving energy generation and consumer revolution as an impetus and strategic goal in promoting eco-civilization construction. There are two aspects in promoting progress:

 

(1) energy generation. We should greatly develop new and renewable energy and replace the traditional energy system of consuming fossil fuel with new energy. So the progress will not discharge the wastes and cannot fulfill the development of economy and society at the cost of resource and environment and at the same time achieve a harmonious and sustainable development of human, economy, society and environment.

 

(2) energy saving in consuming domain. Since the oil crisis in 1970s, developed countries have attached great importance to energy. Nowadays, we recognize the importance of energy saving and improvement of utility efficiency. We therefore drive the energy system revolution by energy structure adjustment and energy saving promotion to achieve the fundamental transformation of civilization form. During the process, China encountered a more serious challenge compared to developed countries. But it is an opportunity for us to take a great-leap-forward towards development. The energy consumption pattern of developed countries has been stable, so they started to replace the fossil fuel with renewable energy. The absolute quantity of consumption will decrease along with carbon emissions. China has been in the stage of industrialization and urbanization, the energy consumption will maintain growing. When developing renewable energy, we should meet the demand of increment and then consider the storage substitution. Although ranking the top on the yearly incremental amount of new energy investment and possessing capacity of new energy, we cannot meet the demand for new energy. The fossil fuel consumption increase provoked serious environmental problems while the carbon emission rose within a certain amount of years. What we confronted now is trying to control the fossil fuel consumption and carbon emission rate to force the carbon emission reach the emission peak and start to go down. On the one hand, we must enhance the technology innovation to promote new energy development; on the other hand, we should enhance the economic developing pattern transformation. A green and low-carbon development means changing the developing way we completely depending on resource. So we must adjust the industrial structure, regard high-tech industry and modern service industry as a new growth point of economy and improve the output efficiency of energy. Only in this way can we achieve low-carbon development and make a significant contribution to solving climate change. We must adopt a new type of industrialization and urbanization for the transition of eco-civilization.

 

Presently, the global green and low-carbon developing trend brings us a leap-forward developing chance. Through technology innovation and economic developing pattern transformation, we can move forward to the newly green and low-carbon industrialization and fulfill a harmonious development of human and nature.

Organizers
© 2013 The 6th World Economic and Environmental Conference, All Rights Reserved.
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