Home >> The 6th WEC Presidium Round-Table Meeting
Technology Innovation is an Important Method to Achieve Lasting and Stable Development in Agriculture

I think we should rethink industrial civilization, which especially emphasizes the intergrowth between person to person, human and nature, sustainable development and continuous prosperity; Ecological civilization is essentially in line with the sustainable development over the past two decades. Hence, I'd like to talk about some issues by combining my work in CSAM.

 

 

Agriculture has close ties with natural ecology. Agricultural development has experienced three phases: infant farming, traditional agriculture and modern agriculture. Industrial agriculture changed grain supply, and played a major role in eradicating hunger. According to the estimation of FAO, we need to increase food by 70% under the basis of 2009 if we want to afford 9 billion of population in 2050. Against the backdrop of fast population growth and urbanization, limited land resources and aggravated climate change, one of the important challenges we face is how to increase agricultural production, control environmental pollution and ecosystem degradation. Agricultural technology has become an important method in breaking resource environment, restraining continuous agriculture stability, and played a major role in the development of agricultural engineering and mechanical technique. For the moment, the growth potential of the agricultural acreage in most countries has become very limited. In order to increase yield and effect of the agriculture, the prime method is to combine biotechnology, agricultural technology and mechanization of agriculture. For example, over the past decade, the mechanization level of Chinese agriculture has increased to 57% in 2012 from 32% in 2003, and the total agricultural power has increased to 1 billion kW last year from 600 million kW.

 

At the same time, the agricultural production will consume massive pesticide and chemical fertilizer, which accounted for round 30% in developing countries, and led to spillage and environmental disruption. Therefore, if the high-effect agricultural machinery is adopted, we will not only improve the usage of pesticide, but also protect the environment. Besides, agricultural mechanization will conduce to decrease the damage of pesticide to environment. Technical innovation will make farm machinery much lighter, institutional innovation will make cross-region operation possible, which will reduce the waste and environmental pollution to some degree.

 

The last one is agricultural engineering and utilization of waste. Some wastes like culm during agricultural engineering will become pollutant if they are not treated or reused properly and timely. Burning of the culm will lead to severe air pollution to the neighboring region and countries, which is a common one in China.

 

Therefore, we'd like to carry out capacity building and technology transfer with other UN organizations, and like to continue our contribution to agriculture, rural ecological civilization and sustainable development.

Organizers
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